Legalization of MMA Finally Passes in New York

The long awaited legalization of mixed martial arts (MMA) in the state of New York is finally here. The New York State Assembly passed the measure on Tuesday, March 22nd by an overwhelming 113-25 vote. Governor Andrew Cuomo is all that would stand in the way of the sport’s legality and there is no indication that he will veto the bill since he added a provision for MMA in the state’s budget in January of this year. New York will now become the final state to permit the activities of the nation’s fastest growing sport.

To review, one of the major driving forces in MMA’s continuing prohibition in the Empire State was the political influence of labor unions. The Ultimate Fighting Championships (UFC), the biggest MMA organization in the country, is owned by brothers Frank and Lorenzo Fertitta. The Fertitta’s other business venture, Station Casinos in Las Vegas, uses a non-union culinary staff. As retaliation for this, the New York headquartered umbrella organization (Unite Here) for the culinary union pressured the union bankrolled politicians in that state to keep MMA illegal. The official ban had been in place since 1997.

Perhaps this legalization of the country’s fastest growing sport came not as a result of any ideological shift, but a simple desire to open up a new market within the state. The tax revenue generated by an MMA event would be considerable and it would be difficult for New York politicians to pass that up. This especially becomes the case since the state plans to tax Mixed Martial Arts events at an even higher rate than boxing or wrestling matches. Add this to neighboring states like New Jersey and Pennsylvania (along with all other states) being able to host these kinds of fights while New York sits on the sidelines and you are bound to create a strong desire among residents to experience what they alone are missing out on.

But another factor may be the declining membership and power of unions in America. The percentage of American workers who are union members has been declining steadily since the mid 1950’s. New York’s holdout on MMA legalization was largely a result of the influence that unions still have in that state. But now that even New York has caved while Station Casinos’ culinary staff is still non-union, that influence has clearly declined. The lifting of the state’s MMA ban certainly is a victory for those who view the decline of union power in America as a positive development.

So while the unions have lost out, other entities will benefit. Private businesses will obtain more revenue through transactions. Government will obtain more revenue by taxing future MMA events. Fans of MMA in New York will be able to take part in the festivities. MMA fighters in the state will now be able to participate in the sport legally and safely since it will no longer be driven underground by the previous ban. In the end, the benefits of legalizing this activity in New York far outweighed the costs of making the union bosses happy. Look for New York to host at least one MMA event before the end of 2016. The Empire State has now joined the rest of the nation in finally welcoming a widely accepted sport and resisting the pressures from organized labor to keep it illegal. To the victors will go the spoils.

 

Labor Unions at the Heart of NY’s Dangerous and Foolish MMA Ban

This past weekend, the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) experienced one of its biggest Pay Per View events ever in UFC 189 live from Las Vegas, Nevada. Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) is widely considered to be the fastest growing sport in America and perhaps even the world. Thus, many different cities both inside and outside the United States have hosted MMA events. But in one state, New York, MMA remains illegal and will likely remain that way for at least one more year. The sport is legal and regulated by the proper authorities in the other 49 states.

 The inability of New York legislators to end the prohibition of MMA remained the norm once again this year after a legalization bill was not brought before the New York State Assembly for vote. The New York State Senate has passed a legalization bill each of the past six years. There was more hope for 2015 after former speaker of the New York Assembly Sheldon Silver, a major opponent of MMA legalization in the state, resigned due to an arrest on federal corruption charges back in January. But alas, there was not even a vote on the bill despite these advantages.

 It’s tempting to think that the continued political resistance to state sanctioned MMA bouts is a simple case of government nanny-stating creeping into the world of sports. After all, it was former mayor of New York City Michael Bloomberg who banned trans-fats, public smoking and extra-large sodas (amongst other things). So perhaps it would make sense that the elected officials in the state of New York would extend the same kind of heavy handedness that Bloomberg so regularly applied to NYC. However, the real story is far more complicated and reeks of far more corruption than do-good politicians who try to run people’s lives.

 The story of MMA’s continued illegality in the Empire State centers around two of the UFC’s owners, brothers Frank and Lorenzo Fertitta. In addition to the UFC, the Fertittas also own Station Casinos in Las Vegas. This puts them at odds with the powerful Culinary Workers Union since Station Casinos is non-union. This union’s parent organization is called Unite Here and encompasses several different union organizations throughout the country. Unite Here’s headquarters is in New York City. Thus the adherence by New York politicians to union demands is far greater when a union hub is in close proximity. Of course, if one of those demands is that businessmen who hire non-union staffs are not allowed to expand their business into your state, then those union bankrolled politicians will apparently comply.

 The Politicians who say they wish to ban MMA for safety reasons really have no leg to stand on. There has never been a life altering condition or death associated with the sport. Boxing can’t say the same, as anyone who has merely taken a glimpse of Mohammed Ali in the past 20 plus years can attest to. Football can’t say the same either, as Junior Seau, Dave Duerson and Mike Webster all passed away long before their time. Both football and boxing are perfectly legal in the state of New York.

 Not only are the dangers of MMA overblown, but there’s actually even more danger in not legalizing the sport. Just like alcohol prohibition in the 1920’s and early 1930’s resulted in death, blindness, and increases in organized crime, prohibition on MMA has similar consequences. Fighting of this nature has been driven underground in New York where it is unregulated and far more dangerous. Many politicians never seem to learn the lesson of unintended consequences that come from banning something desired by certain segments of society.

 It appears the New York State Assembly is not only using dirty politics as a roadblock to prevent the expansion of a business which is legal everywhere else in the country, but their continuing prohibition of this business is actually harming those in the state who wish to engage in the prohibited activity. Combine these things with the revenue lost by New York to other states willing to hold sanctioned MMA bouts and it adds up to a very steep price to pay to keep the union bosses happy. So the politicians and the unions may have us believe that this prevented legality is somehow worth it, the reality of the costs tell us that this simply isn’t true.